Pigmentation is commonly known as dark spots. It is very common in women, it happens due to stress, environmental factors and also during pregnancy. Men also suffer from pigmentation or darkening of skin. Asian skin is especially susceptible to hyper- pigmentation.
People with a family history of pigmentation are more prone to the problem. Medication such as birth control pills also causes pigmentation. However, it is excess exposure to sunlight that is considered to be the most important factor. Ultraviolet rays from the sun or even strong light from light bulbs can stimulate pigment producing cells. Any irritation of the skin may cause increase pigmentation in individuals with dark complexion.
Pigmentation can also occur by certain conditions such as long term illness, hormonal problems or changes, vitamin B12 deficiency, liver diseases, mal-absorption and nutritional deficiency.
All factors which aggravate pigmentation should be prevented. For example dry and chapped skin is easily prone to irritation. Therefore, use a good quality cream or lotion, daily around bed time.
It is very important to detox your skin with good quality detox agents available. These creams contain a number of depigmenting agents in a low concentration, which are usually effective.
Solar protection is must, particularly sun screens. Sun screens should be broad spectrum, giving you complete cover against UVA and UVB rays that comes from sun. To be on the safe side, use a SPF 30 or higher protection factor. Sun block or sun screens should be applied on a daily basis.
Facial cleanser creams or makeup which irritates the skin should be stopped immediately. If pigmentation develops after the use of any medication, then it should be discontinued immediately.
If you are considering using higher concentrations of depigmenting agents, make sure to consult a dermatologist.
In short, managing pigmentation requires a combined and comprehensive approach. It normally takes a few months to improve pigmentation. If you suffer from skin discoloration, don’t be embarrassed. It’s better to do something about it, and remember millions of people develop skin pigmentation conditions at some point in their lives.