Summer is already started in Pakistan and it will be getting hot day by day.During a heat wave the body has to work extra hard to maintain a normal temperature. Excessive heat can result in serious health threats by pushing the human body beyond the limits. Young children, elderly people, and those who are sick or overweight are most at risk.
Measures for Preventing Heat Related Illness
- Never leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles.
- Slow down, avoid strenuous activity.
- Avoid too much sun.
- Plan outdoor games and activities for early morning or late evening.
- Avoid extreme temperature changes.
- Stay indoors as much as possible, use fans or air conditioners to cool the air.
- Wear loose-fitting, light weight, light-colored clothing that will cove as much skin as possible.
- Protect head and face by wearing a wide brimmed hat.
- Drink plenty of fluids even if you do not feel thirsty, and avoid alcoholic drinks.
Hot Weather Health Emergencies
Painful spasms, mostly in legs and abdomen, usually the result of heavy exertion and heave sweating.
Painful spasms usually in the legs and abdominal muscles that may occur in association with strenuous activity.
What to do
Apply firm pressure to cramping muscles or gently message to relieve spasms. Replace fluids. Consult your health care provider.
Typically occurs when people exercise heavily or work in a hot, humid place where body fluids are lost through heavy sweating.
Heavy sweating, weakness, cold, pale and clammy skin. Weak pulse, fainting and vomiting are possible.
What to do
Lay the victim in a cool place. Loosen clothing. Apply cool wet cloths. Fan or move person to air-conditioned place. Take sips of water. Consult your doctor.
A medical emergency, the body’s temperature control system, which produces sweating to cool the body, stops working. Sunstroke is another term for heat stroke.
high body temperature, hot dry skin. Rapid, strong pulse. Possible unconsciousness. Individual will likely not sweat.
What to do
Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Call medical services or get the person to a hospital immediately. Move to a cooler place. Try a cool bath or sponging to reduce body temperature, use fans or air-conditioners to cool body. Do not give fluids.